Description of the projects in Desfina
The general design principle of the project was based on the cultivation, promotion and dissemination of the Arts, Letters and Sciences, and in particular on the principles of the Ancient Greek Spirit, with the intention of becoming a nucleus of movement for the revival of the classical spirit and the promotion of its ideals as standards of universal order.
Among the objectives of the project design are:
The organization of the functions of Heptapolis in terms of education, housing,, commerce, services, central functions, traffic and infrastructure networks.
The provision of infrastructure covering social needs and services, roads, parking, water supply, drainage, waste disposal and energy.
Ensuring communications in the field of transport and telecommunications.
Protection of the environment and quality of life, covering open spaces, green areas, densities, traffic and land use, nuisance and pollution issues and degraded areas.
Local economic policy aimed at increasing competitiveness.
The social policy aimed at expanding Greek Knowledge Internationally, ensuring equal opportunities for all social groups who would like to be immersed in these institutions in person or via the internet.
The aesthetic architecture of Heptapolis, with a focus on new constructions, architectural heritage and regeneration of degraded areas.
The elaboration of technical and social infrastructure projects aimed at the specialization of the social fabric of the area.
The functional organization of the social core, the arrangement of the traffic network and interconnection and the design of public and open spaces and building blocks.
The total area occupied by the project amounts to 520 hectares. The main body of the project is Heptapolis which has 220 hectares in primary uses and 300 hectares in ancillary uses.
Due to the size and type of the project, the primary uses are defined as priority, educational, hotel, meeting space, residential, health care facilities, workshops, entertainment, local and regional services, retail, and general structures and services that are relevant to a small town.
On the basis of the preliminary plans, it is estimated that 30.000 people will be permanently accommodated in the form of teachers, students, auxiliary and service staff, and it is estimated that 1.000.000 people per year will visit the town in connection with the activities taking place.
In addition to Heptapolis, uses such as parking areas, a passenger hub for buses and rail links to Athens and other points, public services, biological purification, rainwater harvesting for irrigation, voltage transformers, etc. are specified.
It is a complex project involving mixed land uses within the enclosure of Heptapolis, which cannot be determined on the ground land uses. None of the categories provided by law include all of these in one.
CATEGORIES AND CONTENT OF LAND USE - Law. 142-A - 2014
1. The land uses permitted by the general spatial and urban planning are defined in categories as follows:
1.1. Residence (K1)
1.2. Neighbourhood level residence (K2)
1.3. Intermediate level residence (MH)
1.4. Urban Centre (IC)
1.5. Tourism – leisure – holiday (second) residence (TA)
1.6. Public utilities (PUE)
1.7. Open spaces – Urban Greenspace (EP)
1.8. Wholesale trade (WT)
1.9. Public Transport Facilities (PTF)
1.10. Urban Utilities (UU)
1.11. Low and medium intensity productive activities (LMI)
1.12. Urban regeneration productive activities (URP)
1.13. Technology park (TP)
1.14. Shopping centre (EC)
1.15. High-impact production facilities (HEP)
1.16. Special uses (SP)
1.17. Defined settlements (00)
1.18. Principal Urban Road Network (MPN).
(Law. 142-A – 2014)
Great attention should be paid to the design of the project, beyond the building structures, especially to the decorative elements of the project, high columns with statues, decorative elements, domes, etc. for the safety of the bystanders.
Tectonic data from the Geodynamic Institute classifies the area as one of the highest seismicity zones and studies have shown earthquakes of 5.5 to 7.2 on the Richter scale at a higher frequency than other areas. It is a zone that provides many micro-earthquakes per year.
The Region of Central Greece as a whole is classified in Seismic Hazard Zone 1 – low seismic risk zone (PE Evia) and II – zone of medium seismic risk (PE Boeotia, Evia, Evritania, Fthiotida and Fokida), according to the distribution of the Greek Seismic Regulation EAK – 2000 – (Amendment F. E.C. B’ 1154/12-8-2003, Decision No. D17a/115/9/FN275).
The seismic hazard zones of Greece are 3 (I, II, III), and the maximum hazard is the MI zone, as shown in Figure 2 below.
Image 1: Area active cracks map