In the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC), Climate Change is defined as a change in climate that is caused either directly or indirectly by human activities. Climate change is caused by natural processes as well as human activities that affect the climate, such as altering theanother environmental phenomenon, among air pollution, the ozone layer hole, deforestation and destruction by fires, the desertification of large areas of the planet due to changes in the microclimate of the region, the disappearance of biological species and the reduction of biodiversity, air pollution (acid rain), pollution of water resources, etc.
Humanity, while paying special attention to Human Rights, does not properly evaluate the provisions of Science in the Rights of the Endangered Ecosystem and our obligations towards the living organism that nourishes us, planet Earth! The overconsumption of primary sector products, the indiscriminate overconsumption of the Earth’s natural resources and overpopulation have degraded the natural environment, resulting, among other things, in an imbalance of development and living conditions between the countries of the developed and developing world.
The main sources of human-induced greenhouse gases are:
— The burning of fossil fuels (coal, oil and gas) for electricity generation, transport, industry and households (CO2); agriculture (CH4) and changes in land use, such as deforestation (CO2), etc.
— Landfill of waste (CH4).
— The use of industrial fluorinated gases.
The purpose of states, institutions, N.P.O.s and associations as a global activity is to work together for sustainable development across the globe and, as far as possible, to eliminate inequalities at the international level.
According to a statement by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), in 2020, global temperatures will show an upward trend for the next 5 years, and a temporary increase of 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels is potentially possible.
To ensure that the worst effects of Climate Change are prevented, the countries that signed the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) agreed to limit the global average surface temperature increase from pre-industrial times to less than 2 °C.
To reach this target, global greenhouse gas emissions must peak as soon as possible and fall rapidly thereafter. Global emissions would need to be reduced by 50 % by 2050 compared to 1990 levels in order to achieve carbon neutrality before the end of the century. The European Union supports the UNFCCC target and aims to reduce emissions in its territory by 40 % by 2030 and to have reduced greenhouse gas emissions by 80-95 % by 2050 compared to 1990 levels.
These significant reduction levels take into account the smaller reductions required by developing countries. The European Energy Union aims to ensure affordable and environmentally friendly energy.
According to the UN Climate Change Communications, on 22 January 2021, leaders are poised to encourage action to build resilience to the inevitable impacts of Climate Change according to an online global conference on 25 and 26 January. Such impacts included extreme weather, fires and floods that have become more frequent with rising global temperatures.
At the One Planet Biodiversity Summit, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres reaffirmed the growing calls for adaptation action, with more than 3,000 scientists from nearly 120 countries today calling for a much greater global push to protect people and nature from the impacts of an overheating planet.
Scientists – including five Nobel Prize winners – have warned that the consequences of failing to respond to the growing climate risks will be very serious, especially for the poorest: “If we don’t take action now, and if we don’t adapt to the new realities, the consequences will be:
— an increase in poverty,
— water shortages,
— the loss of agricultural products and
— an increase in migration,
with all that this implies in terms of loss of human lives and social life in developed countries.”
Loss of agricultural products
Increase of Immigration