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The Despotate Of Mystras And The Palaiologan Period

Το Δεσποτάτο του Μυστρά και οι Παλαιολόγειοι Χρόνοι

Manuel II, During his reign, from 1413 to 1421 

During his reign, from 1413 to 1421, the Byzantines enjoyed their last respite. Manuel II, aware that it could not last, made the most of it by strengthening the defenses and administration of the fragments of his empire. 

The most flourishing province in the last years was the Despotate of Morea. 

Its prosperity had been built up first by the sons of John Cantacuzenus (who died there in 1383) and then by the son and grandson of John V—Theodore I and Theodore II Palaeologus. 

Its capital city of Mistra became a haven for Byzantine scholars and artists and a centre of the last revival of Byzantine culture, packed with churches, monasteries, and palaces. 

Among its scholars was George Gemistus Plethon, a Platonist who dreamed of a rebirth of Hellenism on Hellenic soil.