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Christian Churches


A Christian denomination is a distinct religious body within Christianity, identified by traits such as a name, organization, and doctrine. Individual bodies, however, may use alternative terms to describe themselves, such as church, convention, assembly, house, union, or sometimes fellowship. Divisions between one denomination and another are defined by authority and doctrine; issues including the nature of Jesus, Trinitarianism, Nontrinitarianism, the authority of apostolic succession, eschatology, conciliarity, and papal primacy among others may separate one denomination from another. Groups of denominations—often sharing broadly similar beliefs, practices, and historical ties—are sometimes known as "branches of Christianity" or "denominational families" (e.g. Eastern or Western Christianity and their sub-branches).

This is not a complete list, but aims to provide a comprehensible overview of the diversity among denominations of Christianity. Only those Christian denominations or organizations with Wikipedia articles will be listed in order to ensure that all entries on this list are notable and verifiable. The denominations or organizations listed are ordered from ancient to contemporary Christianity.

Early Christian

Early Christianity is often divided into three different branches that differ in theology and traditions, which all appeared in the 1st century AD. They include Jewish Christianity, Pauline Christianity and Gnostic Christianity. All modern Christian denominations are said to have descended from the Jewish and Pauline Christianities, with Gnostic Christianity dying, or being hunted, out of existence after the early Christian era and being largely forgotten until discoveries made in the late 19th and early twentieth centuries. There are also other theories on the origin of Christianity.

The following Christian groups appeared between the beginning of the Christian religion and the First Council of Nicaea in 325.







Unlike the previously mentioned groups, the following are all considered to be related to Christian Gnosticism.






Simonians (sometimes considered proto-Gnostic)


Late ancient and Medieval Christian

The following are groups of Christians appearing between the First Council of Nicaea, the Great Schism and Proto-Protestantism.


Apostolic Brethren


Beguines and Beghards


Bosnian Church


Brethren of the Free Spirit




Friends of God









Skhariya the Jew's sect



Late ancient and Medieval Christian

The following are groups of Christians appearing between the First Council of Nicaea, the Great Schism and Proto-Protestantism.

Church of the East

The Church of the East split from the Parthian Church during the Sassanid Period. It is also called the Nestorian Church or the Church of Persia. Declaring itself separate from the State church of the Roman Empire in 424–427, liturgically, it adhered to the East Syriac Rite. Theologically, it adopted the dyophysite doctrine of Nestorianism, which emphasizes the separateness of the divine and human natures of Jesus. The Church of the East by the 15th century was largely confined to the Eastern Aramaic-speaking Assyrian communities of northern Mesopotamia, in and around the rough triangle formed by Mosul and Lakes Van and Urmia—the same general region where the Church of the East had first emerged between the 1st and 3rd centuries AD.

Its patriarchal lines divided in a tumultuous period from the 16th-19th century, finally consolidated into the Eastern Catholic Chaldean Church (in full communion with the Pope of Rome), and the Assyrian Church of the East. Other minor, modern related splinter groups include the Ancient Church of the East (split 1968 due of rejecting some changes made by Patriarch Shimun XXI Eshai) and the Chaldean Syrian Church. Together, the Assyrian, Ancient, Chaldean Syrian and Chaldean Catholic Church comprise over 1.6 million.


Assyrian Christianity

Assyrian Christianity comprises churches who keep the traditional Nestorian Christology and ecclesiology of the historical Church of the East after the original church reunited with the Catholic Church, forming the Chaldean Catholic Church in 1552. The Assyrian Church of the East and the Ancient Church of the East together have over 0.6 million members as of 2018.

Assyrian Church of the East

Chaldean Syrian Church

Ancient Church of the East

Oriental Orthodoxy

Oriental Orthodoxy is the fourth largest communion of Christian churches, with over 76 million members. The Oriental Orthodox communion rejects the Council of Chalcedon in 451 and those after it.[19] Other denominations such as the Orthodox Church, often erroneously[citation needed] label the communion as "Monophysite"; however, as the Oriental Orthodox do not adhere to the teachings of Eutyches, they themselves reject this label, preferring the term Miaphysite. Some of the Oriental Orthodox churches, especially the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria, claim origination by Saint Mark and his 1st-century missionary journeys.

Historically, many of the Oriental Orthodox churches consider themselves collectively to be the one, holy, catholic and apostolic Church that Jesus founded. Some have considered the Oriental Orthodox communion to be a part of the one, holy, catholic and apostolic Church, a view which is gaining increasing acceptance in the wake of ecumenical dialogues between churches such as the Orthodox and Catholic churches.

Armenian Apostolic Church

Mother See of Holy Etchmiadzin

Holy See of Cilicia

Armenian Patriarchate of Constantinople

Armenian Patriarchate of Jerusalem

Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria

French Coptic Orthodox Church

Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church

Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church

Indian (Malankara) Orthodox Church

Brahmavar (Goan) Orthodox Church

Syriac Orthodox Church of Antioch

Jacobite Syrian Christian Church

Honavar Mission Church

Knanaya Jacobites



Roman Catholic

The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is composed of 24 autonomous sui iuris particular churches: the Latin Church and the 23 Eastern Catholic Churches. The Catholic Church considers itself the one, holy, catholic and apostolic Church that Christ founded and which Saint Peter initiated along with the missionary work of Saint Paul and others. As such, the Catholic Church does not consider it a denomination, but rather considers itself pre-denominational, the original Church of Christ. Continuity is claimed based upon apostolic succession with the early Church. The Catholic population exceeds 1.29 billion as of 2016.

Latin (Western) Church

The Latin, or Western Catholic Church, is the largest and most widely known of the 24 sui iuris churches that together make up the Catholic Church (not to be confused with the Roman Rite, which is one of the Latin liturgical rites, not a particular church). It is headed by the Bishop of Rome—the Pope, traditionally called the Patriarch of the West—with headquarters in Vatican City, enclaved within Rome, Italy. In 2015, the Latin Church composed 1.255 billion members.

Eastern Catholic Churches

All of the following are particular churches of the Catholic Church. They are all in communion with the Pope as Bishop of Rome and acknowledge his claim of universal jurisdiction and authority. They have some minor distinct theological emphases and expressions (for instance, in the case of those that are of Greek/Byzantine tradition, concerning some non-doctrinal aspects of the Latin view of Purgatory). The Eastern Catholic Churches and the Latin Church (which together compose the worldwide Catholic Church) share the same doctrine and sacraments, and thus the same faith. The total membership of the churches accounts for approximately 18 million members.

Alexandrian Rite

Coptic Catholic Church

Eritrean Catholic Church

Ethiopian Catholic Church

Armenian Rite

Armenian Catholic Church

Byzantine Rite

Albanian Greek Catholic Church

Belarusian Greek Catholic Church

Bulgarian Greek Catholic Church

Byzantine Catholic Church of Croatia and Serbia

Greek Byzantine Catholic Church

Hungarian Byzantine Catholic Church

Italo-Albanian Catholic Church (Italo-Greek Catholic Church)

Macedonian Catholic Church

Melkite Greek Catholic Church

Romanian Catholic Church

Russian Greek Catholic Church

Ruthenian Greek Catholic Church (usually called the "Byzantine Catholic Church" in the United States)

Slovak Greek Catholic Church

Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church

East Syriac Rite

Chaldean Catholic Church

Syro-Malabar Catholic Church

West Syriac Rite

Maronite Church

Syriac Catholic Church

Syro-Malankara Catholic Church

Eastern Orthodox

The Eastern Orthodox Church consists of jurisdictions in communion with each other. The church has over 250 million members, making it the second largest church. Some of them have a disputed administrative status (i.e. their autonomy or autocephaly is only partially recognized), but all remain in communion with each other as one church. The Orthodox claim continuity (based upon apostolic succession) with the early Church, and consider themselves pre-denominational, being the original Church of Christ before 1054.

Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Italy and Malta

Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America

Albanian Orthodox Diocese of America

Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Great Britain

Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia

Vicariate for Palestine and Jordan in the USA

Finnish Orthodox Church

Church of Crete

Monastic Community of Mount Athos

Korean Orthodox Church

Estonian Apostolic Orthodox Church

Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the USA

Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Canada

Metropolitanate of Hong Kong

Exarchate of the Philippines

American Carpatho-Russian Orthodox Diocese

Greek Orthodox Church of Alexandria

Greek Orthodox Church of Antioch

Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America

Antiochian Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia

Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of Mexico

Antiochian Orthodox Christian Mission in the Philippines

Greek Orthodox Church of Jerusalem

Church of Sinai

Russian Orthodox Church

Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate)

Russian Orthodox Church outside Russia

Japanese Orthodox Church

Chinese Orthodox Church

Estonian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate

Latvian Orthodox Church

Moldovan Orthodox Church

Belarusian Orthodox Church

Philippine Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate)

Russian Orthodox Patriarchal Parishes in the USA

Georgian Orthodox and Apostolic Church

Serbian Orthodox Church

Orthodox Ohrid Archbishopric

Serbian Orthodox Church in North and South America

Romanian Orthodox Church

Metropolis of Bessarabia

Romanian Orthodox Metropolia of the Americas

Bulgarian Orthodox Church

Bulgarian Diocese of the USA, Canada and Australia

Cypriot Orthodox Church

Church of Greece

Albanian Orthodox Church

Polish Orthodox Church

Czech and Slovak Orthodox Church

Orthodox Church in America

Archdiocese of Canada

Romanian Orthodox Episcopate of America

Albanian Orthodox Archdiocese in America

Exarchate of Mexico

Orthodox Church of Ukraine


Proto-Protestantism, or the Reformation prior to Luther refers to movements similar to the Protestant Reformation, but before 1517, when Martin Luther (1483–1546) nailed the Ninety-Five-Theses to the church door. Major early Reformers were Peter Waldo (c. 1140–c. 1205), John Wycliffe (1320s–1384), and Jan Hus (c. 1369–1415). It is not completely correct to call these groups Protestant due to the fact that some of them had nothing to do with the 1529 Protestation at Speyer which coined the term Protestant. In particular, the Utraquists were eventually accommodated as a separate Catholic rite by the papacy after a military attempt to end their movement failed. On the other hand, the surviving Waldensians ended up joining Reformed Protestantism, so it is not completely inaccurate to refer to their movement as Protestant.


Czechoslovak Hussite Church

Moravian Church

Unity of the Brethren


Waldensian Evangelical Church


Protestant Christianity (Protestantism) is a movement within Christianity which owes its name to the 1529 Protestation at Speyer. Protestant Christians separated from the Catholic Church during the Reformation. Some, such as in the English Reformation, initiated the schism themselves. Others, such Luther, were excommunicated after attempting to reform Western Christianity. New denominations and organizations formed through further divisions within Protestant churches since the Reformation began. A denomination labeled "Protestant" subscribes to the fundamental Protestant principles—though not always—that is scripture alone, justification by faith alone, and the universal priesthood of believers.

The majority of Protestants are members of Adventism, Anglicanism, Baptists, Calvinism (Reformed Protestantism), Lutheranism, Methodism and Pentecostalism. Nondenominational, Evangelical, charismatic, neo-charismatic, independent and other churches are on the rise, and constitute a significant part of Protestant Christianity.

This list gives only an overview, and certainly does not mention all of the Protestant denominations. The exact number of Protestant denominations, including the members of the denominations, is difficult to calculate and depends on definition. A group that fits the generally accepted definition of "Protestant" might not officially use the term. Therefore, it should be taken with caution. The most accepted figure among various authors and scholars includes around 900 million Protestant Christians.


Lutherans are a major branch of Protestantism, identifying with the theology of Martin Luther, a German friar, ecclesiastical reformer, and theologian. The whole of Lutheranism has about 70-90 million members.

Apostolic Lutheran Church of America

Association of Free Lutheran Congregations

Church of the Lutheran Brethren of America

Church of the Lutheran Confession

Concordia Lutheran Conference

Confessional Evangelical Lutheran Conference

Evangelical Lutheran Church "Concord"

Evangelical Lutheran Free Church (Germany)

Evangelical Lutheran Synod

Lutheran Church of Central Africa Malawi Conference

Lutheran Church of Central Africa Zambia Conference

Ukrainian Lutheran Church

Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod

Evangelical Catholic Church (Lutheran)

Evangelical Community Church-Lutheran

Evangelical Lutheran Diocese of North America

Evangelical Lutheran Church in the Kingdom of the Netherlands

General Lutheran Church

International Lutheran Council

American Association of Lutheran Churches

Evangelical Lutheran Church of Brazil

Evangelical Lutheran Church of England

Evangelical Lutheran Church - Synod of France and Belgium

Gutnius Lutheran Church

Independent Evangelical-Lutheran Church

Japan Lutheran Church

Lanka Lutheran Church

Lutheran Church—Canada

Lutheran Church—Hong Kong Synod

Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod

Lutheran Church of Australia

Kosovo Protestant Evangelical Church

Laestadian Lutheran Church

Latvian Evangelical Lutheran Church in America

Lutheran Church - International

Lutheran Church of China

Lutheran Congregations in Mission for Christ

Lutheran Evangelical Protestant Church

Lutheran Ministerium and Synod - USA

Lutheran World Federation

Andhra Evangelical Lutheran Church

Arcot Lutheran Church

Batak Christian Protestant Church

Church of Denmark

Church of the Faroe Islands

Church of Iceland

Church of Norway

Church of Sweden

Estonian Evangelical Lutheran Church

Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession in Slovakia

Evangelical Lutheran Church in America

Evangelical Lutheran Church in Canada

Evangelical Lutheran Church in the Himalayan States

Evangelical Lutheran Church in Madhya Pradesh

Evangelical Lutheran Church in Southern Africa

Evangelical Lutheran Church in Tanzania

Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland

Evangelical Lutheran Church of Latvia

Evangelical Lutheran Church of Papua New Guinea

Evangelical Lutheran Free Church of Norway

Gossner Evangelical Lutheran Church in Chotanagpur and Assam

Indian Evangelical Lutheran Church

Jeypore Evangelical Lutheran Church

Lutheran Church of Australia

Malagasy Lutheran Church

Northern Evangelical Lutheran Church

Simalungun Protestant Christian Church

South Andhra Lutheran Church

Tamil Evangelical Lutheran Church

North American Lutheran Church


The Anabaptists trace their origins to the Radical Reformation. The movement is seen as an offshoot of Protestantism, although the view has been challenged by some Anabaptists. There are approximately 2.1 million Anabaptists as of 2015.



Amish Mennonite

Beachy Amish

Kauffman Amish Mennonite

Nebraska Amish

New Order Amish

Old Order Amish

Swartzentruber Amish

Apostolic Christian Church

Charity Christian Fellowship

Church of the United Brethren in Christ


Bruderhof Communities





Alliance of Mennonite Evangelical Congregations

Canadian Conference of Mennonite Brethren Churches

Chortitzer Mennonite Conference

Church of God in Christ, Mennonite (Holdeman Mennonites)

Conference of the Mennonite Brethren Churches in India

Conservative Mennonite Conference

Evangelical Mennonite Church

Evangelical Mennonite Conference

Evangelical Mennonite Mission Conference

Evangelical Missionary Church

Fellowship of Evangelical Bible Churches

Japan Mennonite Brethren Conference

Kleine Gemeinde

Markham-Waterloo Mennonite Conference

Mennonite Brethren Churches

Mennonite Church Canada

Mennonite Church in the Netherlands

Mennonite Church USA

Missionary Church

Noah Hoover Mennonite

Ohio Wisler Mennonite

Old Order Mennonites

Reformed Mennonite

Swiss Mennonite Conference

US Conference of Mennonite Brethren Churches

River Brethren

Brethren in Christ Church

Old Order River Brethren

United Zion Church



Schwarzenau Brethren Movement

The Brethren Church (Ashland Brethren)

Church of the Brethren

Conservative Grace Brethren Churches, International

Dunkard Brethren

Ephrata Cloister

Fellowship of Grace Brethren Churches

Old Brethren

Old Brethren German Baptist

Old German Baptist Brethren

Old German Baptist Brethren, New Conference

Old Order German Baptist Brethren

Social Brethren



Anglicanism has referred to itself as the via media between Catholicism and Protestantism. It considers itself to be both Catholic and Reformed. Although the use of the term "Protestant" to refer to Anglicans was once common, it is controversial today, with some rejecting the label and others accepting it. In Protestantism, Anglicans number over 85 million.

Anglican Communion

Anglican Church in Aotearoa, New Zealand and Polynesia

Anglican Church in Central America

Anglican Church in Japan

Anglican Church of Australia

Anglican Church of Bermuda

Anglican Church of Canada

Anglican Church of Kenya

Anglican Church of Korea

Anglican Church of Melanesia

Anglican Church of Mexico

Anglican Church of Papua New Guinea

Anglican Church of South America

Anglican Church of Southern Africa

Anglican Church of Tanzania

Anglican Episcopal Church of Brazil

Church in the Province of the West Indies

Church in Wales

Church of Ceylon

Church of England

Church of Ireland

Church of Nigeria

Church of the Province of Central Africa

Church of the Province of Myanmar

Church of the Province of South East Asia

Church of the Province of the Indian Ocean

Church of the Province of West Africa

Church of Uganda

Episcopal Church (United States)

Episcopal Church in Jerusalem and the Middle East

Episcopal Church in the Philippines

Episcopal Church of Cuba

Hong Kong Anglican Church

Lusitanian Catholic Apostolic Evangelical Church

Parish of the Falkland Islands

Province of the Anglican Church of Burundi

Province of the Anglican Church of Rwanda

Province of the Anglican Church of the Congo

Province of the Episcopal Church of South Sudan

Province of the Episcopal Church of Sudan

Scottish Episcopal Church

Spanish Reformed Episcopal Church

United and uniting churches of the Anglican Communion

Church of Bangladesh

Church of North India

Church of Pakistan

Church of South India

Mar Thoma Syrian Church (Reformed Orthodox denomination in full communion with the Anglican Communion)

Other Anglican churches and continuing Anglican movement

There are numerous churches following the Anglican tradition that are not in full communion with the Anglican Communion. Some churches split due to changes in the Book of Common Prayer and the ordination of women, forming Anglo-Catholic communities. A select few of these churches are recognized by certain individual provinces of the Anglican Communion.

African Orthodox Church

Anglican Catholic Church

Anglican Church in America

Anglican Church in North America

Anglican Church of India

Anglican Episcopal Church (USA)

Anglican Mission in the Americas

Anglican Orthodox Church

Anglican Province of America

Anglican Province of Christ the King

Christian Episcopal Church

Church of England (Continuing)

Church of England in South Africa

Communion of Evangelical Episcopal Churches

Diocese of the Great Lakes

Diocese of the Holy Cross

Episcopal Missionary Church

Free Church of England

Free Protestant Episcopal Church

Independent Anglican Church Canada Synod

Orthodox Anglican Church

Reformed Episcopal Church

Southern Episcopal Church

United Episcopal Church of North America



Reformed Protestantism (Calvinism)

Reformed Protestantism, also known as the Reformed tradition, or more commonly Calvinism, is a movement which broke from the Catholic Church in the 16th century. There are from 55-100 million Christians identifying as Reformers.[37][38]

Continental Reformed churches

Main article: Continental Reformed church

Afrikaans Protestant Church

Canadian and American Reformed Churches

Christian Reformed Church in North America

Christian Reformed Church in Sierra Leone

Christian Reformed Church in South Africa

Christian Reformed Church of Nigeria

Christian Reformed Churches

Continued Reformed Churches in the Netherlands

Christian Reformed Churches of Australia

Communion of Reformed Evangelical Churches

Dutch Reformed Church (extinct)

Dutch Reformed Church in Botswana

Dutch Reformed Church in South Africa - NG Church

Evangelical and Reformed Church in Honduras

Evangelical Reformed Church in Bavaria and Northwestern Germany

Evangelical Reformed Church of Christ

Federation of Swiss Protestant Churches

Free Reformed Churches of Australia

Free Reformed Churches of North America

Free Reformed Churches of South Africa

Heritage Reformed Congregations


Lithuanian Evangelical Reformed Church

National Union of Independent Reformed Evangelical Churches of France

Netherlands Reformed Churches

Netherlands Reformed Congregations

Nigeria Reformed Church

Orthodox Christian Reformed Church

Polish Reformed Church

Protestant Church in the Netherlands

Protestant Reformed Christian Church in Croatia

Protestant Reformed Church of Luxembourg

Protestant Reformed Churches in America

Reformed Christian Church in Croatia

Reformed Christian Church in Serbia

Reformed Church in America

Reformed Church in Austria

Reformed Church in Hungary

Reformed Church in Latvia

Reformed Church in Romania

Reformed Church in Transcarpathia

Reformed Church in the United States

Reformed Church of Christ in Nigeria

Reformed Church of East Africa

Reformed Church of France

Reformed Churches in the Netherlands (extinct)

Reformed Churches in the Netherlands (Liberated)

Reformed Churches of New Zealand

Reformed Evangelical Church in Myanmar

Reformed Synod of Denmark

Restored Reformed Church

United Church of Christ (See also: Congregationalism)

United Reformed Church

United Reformed Church in Congo

United Reformed Churches in North America

Uniting Reformed Church in Southern Africa


Africa Evangelical Presbyterian Church

Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church

Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church of Mexico

Bible Presbyterian Church

Church of Central Africa Presbyterian

Church of Scotland

Christian Evangelical Church in Minahasa

Communion of Reformed Evangelical Churches

Conservative Presbyterian Church in Brazil

Costa Rican Evangelical Presbyterian Church

Covenant Presbyterian Church

Cumberland Presbyterian Church

Cumberland Presbyterian Church in America

Evangelical Covenant Order of Presbyterians

Evangelical Presbyterian Church (Australia)

Evangelical Presbyterian Church in England and Wales

Evangelical Presbyterian Church of Malawi

Evangelical Presbyterian Church of Ukraine

Evangelical Presbyterian Church (United States)

Evangelical Reformed Presbyterian Church

Free Church of Scotland

Free Church of Scotland (Continuing)

Free Presbyterian Church (Australia)

Free Presbyterian Church of North America

Free Presbyterian Church of Scotland

Free Presbyterian Church of Ulster

Fundamentalist Presbyterian Church in Brazil

Grace Presbyterian Church of New Zealand

Greek Evangelical Church

National Presbyterian Church in Chile

National Presbyterian Church in Mexico

National Evangelical Presbyterian Church of Guatemala

Orthodox Presbyterian Church

Presbyterian Church in America

Presbyterian Church in Canada

Presbyterian Church in Chile

Presbyterian Church in Honduras

Presbyterian Church in Ireland

Presbyterian Church in Korea (HapDong)

Presbyterian Church in Korea (Koshin)

Presbyterian Church in Korea (TongHap)

Presbyterian Church in Liberia

Presbyterian Church in Malaysia

Presbyterian Church in Singapore

Presbyterian Church in Sudan

Presbyterian Church in Taiwan

Presbyterian Church in Uganda

Presbyterian Church of Africa

Presbyterian Church of Aotearoa New Zealand

Presbyterian Church of Australia

Presbyterian Church of Belize

Presbyterian Church of Brazil

Presbyterian Church of East Africa

Presbyterian Church of Eastern Australia

Presbyterian Church of Ghana

Presbyterian Church of India

Presbyterian Church of Mozambique

Presbyterian Church of Nigeria

Presbyterian Church of Pakistan

Presbyterian Church of the Philippines

Presbyterian Church of Wales (also a Methodist church)

Presbyterian Church (USA)

Presbyterian Reformed Church (Australia)

Presbyterian Reformed Church (North America)

Reformed Presbyterian Church General Assembly

Reformed Presbyterian Church – Hanover Presbytery

Reformed Presbyterian Church in the United States

Reformed Presbyterian Church of Australia

Reformed Presbyterian Church of Ireland

Reformed Presbyterian Church of Malawi

Reformed Presbyterian Church of North America

Reformed Presbyterian Church of Scotland

Renewed Presbyterian Church in Brazil

Southern Presbyterian Church (Australia)

Sudan Evangelical Presbyterian Church

United Free Church of Scotland

United Presbyterian Church of North America

United Presbyterian Church of Pakistan

Uniting Presbyterian Church in Southern Africa

Upper Cumberland Presbyterian Church

Westminster Presbyterian Church in the United States

Westminster Presbyterian Church of Australia


Church of Niue

Church of Tuvalu

Congregational Christian Church in American Samoa

Congregational Christian Church in Samoa

Congregational Christian Churches in Canada

Congregational Federation

Congregational Federation of Australia

Congregational Union of Ireland

Congregational Union of New Zealand

Conservative Congregational Christian Conference

Cook Islands Christian Church

English Independents

Evangelical Congregational Church in Angola

Evangelical Fellowship of Congregational Churches

Fellowship of Congregational Churches (Australia)

Fellowship of Independent Evangelical Churches


Kiribati Protestant Church

National Association of Congregational Christian Churches

Nauru Congregational Church

Reformed Congregational Churches

Union of Evangelical Congregational Churches in Brazil

Union of Evangelical Congregational Churches in Bulgaria

United Church in the Solomon Islands

United Church of Christ (See also: Reformed continental churches)

United Church of Christ-Congregational in the Marshall Islands

United Congregational Church of Southern Africa


Baptists emerged as the English Puritans were influenced by the Anabaptists, and along with Methodism, grew in size and influence after they sailed to the New World (the remaining Puritans who traveled to the New World were congregationalists). There are about 75-105 million Baptists.

Alliance of Baptists

American Baptist Association

American Baptist Churches USA

Association of Baptist Churches in Ireland

Association of Reformed Baptist Churches of America

Association of Regular Baptist Churches

Baptist Bible Fellowship International

Baptist Conference of the Philippines

Baptist Convention of Ontario and Quebec

Baptist Convention of Western Cuba

Baptist General Conference of Canada

Baptist General Convention of Texas

Baptist General Conference (Sweden)

Baptist Missionary Association of America

Baptist Union of Australia

Baptist Union of Great Britain

Baptist Union of New Zealand

Baptist Union of Scotland

Baptist Union of Western Canada

Baptist World Alliance

Canadian Baptist Ministries

Canadian Convention of Southern Baptists

Central Baptist Association

Central Canada Baptist Conference

Christian Unity Baptist Association

Conservative Baptist Association

Conservative Baptist Association of America

Continental Baptist Churches

Convención Nacional Bautista de Mexico

Convention of Atlantic Baptist Churches

Convention of Baptist Churches of Northern Circars

Cooperative Baptist Fellowship

Council of Baptist Churches in Northeast India

Council of Baptist Churches in Northern India

European Baptist Convention

European Baptist Federation

Evangelical Baptist Mission of South Haiti

Evangelical Free Baptist Church

Fellowship of Evangelical Baptist Churches in Canada

Free Will Baptist Church

Fundamental Baptist Fellowship of America

General Association of Baptists

General Association of General Baptists

General Association of Regular Baptist Churches

General Conference of the Evangelical Baptist Church, Inc.

General Six-Principle Baptists

Independent Baptist

Independent Baptist Church of America

Independent Baptist Fellowship International

Independent Baptist Fellowship of North America

Interstate & Foreign Landmark Missionary Baptist Association

Landmark Baptist Church

Liberty Baptist Fellowship

Manipur Baptist Convention

Myanmar Baptist Convention

Nagaland Baptist Church Council

National Association of Free Will Baptists

National Baptist Convention of America, Inc.

National Baptist Convention, USA, Inc.

National Baptist Evangelical Life and Soul Saving Assembly of the U.S.A.

National Missionary Baptist Convention of America

National Primitive Baptist Convention of the U.S.A.

New England Evangelical Baptist Fellowship

New Independent Fundamentalist Baptist

Faithful Word Baptist Church

Nigerian Baptist Convention

North American Baptist Conference

North Bank Baptist Christian Association

Norwegian Baptist Union

Old Baptist Union

Old Regular Baptist

Old Time Missionary Baptist

Primitive Baptist

Primitive Baptist Universalism

Progressive Baptist

Progressive National Baptist Convention

Reformed Baptist

Regular Baptist

Regular Baptist Churches, General Association of

Samavesam of Telugu Baptist Churches

Separate Baptist

Separate Baptists in Christ

Seventh Day Baptist

Southeast Conservative Baptist

Southern Baptist Convention

Southern Baptists of Texas

Sovereign Grace Baptists

Strict Baptists or Particular Baptists

Two-Seed-in-the-Spirit Predestinarian Baptists

Union d'Églises baptistes françaises au Canada

Unione Cristiana Evangelica Battista d'Italia

United American Free Will Baptist Church

United American Free Will Baptist Conference

United Baptist

United Baptist Convention of the Atlantic Provinces

United Free Will Baptist

World Baptist Fellowship

Holiness Baptists

Christian Baptist Church of God

Holiness Baptist Association

Spiritual Baptist Movement

Spiritual Baptists

Quakers (Society of Friends)

Beanite Quakerism

Britain Yearly Meeting

Central Yearly Meeting of Friends

Conservative Friends

Evangelical Friends International

Friends General Conference

Friends United Meeting

Ireland Yearly Meeting

New Foundation Fellowship

Nontheist Quakers

Quaker Universalist Fellowship


Shakers (United Society of Believers in Christ's Second Appearing)


Pietism was an influential movement in Lutheranism that combined its emphasis on Biblical doctrine with the Reformed emphasis on individual piety and living a vigorous Christian life. Pietists who separated from established Lutheran churches to form their own denominations are known as Radical Pietists. Although a movement in Lutheranism, influence on Anglicanism, in particular John Wesley, led to the spawning of Methodism.

Amana Society

Bible Fellowship Church

Temple Society (Templers)

United Christian Church


Methodism emerged out the influence of Pietism within Anglicanism. Some 60-80 million Christians are Methodists.

African Methodist Episcopal Church

African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church

British Methodist Episcopal Church

Christian Methodist Episcopal Church

Congregational Methodist Church

Evangelical Church of the Dominican Republic

Evangelical Methodist Church

First Congregational Methodist Church

Free Methodist Church

Methodist Church of Fiji and Rotuma

Methodist Church of Great Britain

Methodist Church of Malaysia

Methodist Church in India

Methodist Church of New Zealand

Methodist Church of Southern Africa

Primitive Methodist Church

Southern Methodist Church

United Methodist Church

Wesleyan Methodist Church of Australia





Holiness movement

The Holiness movement involves a set of beliefs and practices which emerged from 19th-century Methodism. As of 2015, churches of the movement had an estimated 12 million adherents.]

Free Methodist Church

Christ's Sanctified Holy Church

Church of God (Anderson, Indiana)

Church of God (Restoration)

Church of the Nazarene

The Salvation Army

Catholic Apostolic churches and Irvingism

The Catholic Apostolic churches were born out of the 1830s revival started in London by the teachings of Edward Irving, and out of the resultant Catholic Apostolic Church Movement.

Catholic Apostolic Church

New Apostolic Church

United Apostolic Church

Old Apostolic Church

Restored Apostolic Mission Church

Plymouth Brethren

Exclusive Brethren

Indian Brethren

Kerala Brethren Assembly

Open Brethren

Church Assembly Hall or Local Churches

Gospel Hall Brethren or Gospel Hall Assemblies

Needed Truth Brethren or The Churches of God

Pentecostal and Charismatic

Affirming Pentecostal Church International

Global Alliance of Affirming Apostolic Pentecostals

Apostolic Assemblies of Christ

Apostolic Assembly of the Faith in Christ Jesus

Apostolic Church (denomination)

Apostolic Faith Church

Apostolic Faith Mission of South Africa

Apostolic Gospel Church of Jesus Christ

Apostolic Overcoming Holy Church of God

Apostolic Pastoral Congress

Assemblies of God

Assemblies of the Lord Jesus Christ

Associated Brotherhood of Christians

Believers Church

Bible Way Church of Our Lord Jesus Christ

C3 Church Global

Celestial Church of Christ

Charisma Christian Church

Christ Gospel Churches International

Christian Assemblies International

Christian Church of North America

Christian City Churches

Christian Congregation in the United States

Christian Revival Crusade

Church of the Foursquare Gospel

Church of God by Faith

Church of God (Charleston, Tennessee)

Church of God (Chattanooga)

Church of God (Cleveland, Tennessee)

The Church of God for All Nations

Church of God (Full Gospel) in India

Church of God, House of Prayer

Church of God (Huntsville, Alabama)

Church of God in Christ

The Church of God (Jerusalem Acres)

Church of God Mountain Assembly

Church of God of Prophecy

Church of God of the Original Mountain Assembly

Church of God of the Union Assembly

Church of God with Signs Following

Church of the Little Children of Jesus Christ

Church of Our Lord Jesus Christ of the Apostolic Faith

Congregational Holiness Church

CRC Churches International

Deeper Life Bible Church

Destiny Church

Elim Pentecostal Church

Evangelical Pentecostal Church of Besançon

Fire Baptized Holiness Church of God of the Americas

Free Apostolic Church of Pentecost

God is Love Pentecostal Church

Hillsong Church

Holiness Baptist Association

Independent Assemblies of God, International

Indian Pentecostal Church of God

International Assemblies of God Fellowship

International Church of the Foursquare Gospel

International Fellowship of Christian Assemblies

International Pentecostal Church of Christ

International Pentecostal Holiness Church

Mission of Full Gospel - Christian Open Door

New Life Churches

Open Bible Standard Churches

Pentecostal Assemblies of Canada

Pentecostal Assemblies of the World

Pentecostal Church of God

Pentecostal Churches of Christ

Pentecostal Free Will Baptist Church

The Pentecostal Mission

Potter's House Christian Fellowship

Redeemed Christian Church of God

Revival Centres International

The Revival Fellowship

United Covenant Churches of Christ

United Gospel Tabernacles

United Holy Church of America

United Pentecostal Church International

United Pentecostal Churches of Christ

Pentecostal Holiness Movement

Deeper Life Bible Church

Church of Christ (Holiness) U.S.A.

Church of God (Holiness)

The Wesleyan Church

Oneness Pentecostalism

Apostolic Assemblies of Christ

Apostolic Assembly of the Faith in Christ Jesus

Apostolic Gospel Church of Jesus Christ

Apostolic Overcoming Holy Church of God

Assemblies of the Lord Jesus Christ

Bible Way Church of Our Lord Jesus Christ

Christ Gospel Churches International

Church of Our Lord Jesus Christ of the Apostolic Faith

Pentecostal Assemblies of the World

True Jesus Church

United Pentecostal Church International

Other Charismatic movements

Calvary Chapel

Charismatic Episcopal Church

City Harvest Church

Every Nation

Faith Christian Fellowship International

International Christian Fellowship

Jesus Army

Ministries of His Glory

Ministries without Borders

Sovereign Grace Churches

Neo-Charismatic Movement

Association of Vineyard Churches

Bible Christian Mission

Born Again Movement

Church on the Rock- International

Destiny Church Groningen

New Life Fellowship Association



Restorationism and the Restoration Movement seek to restore Christianity along the lines of what is known about the apostolic early church which Restorationists see as the search for a more pure and more ancient form of the religion.[45] Restorationism and the Restoration Movement comprise Protestant Christians identifying either with trinitarian or nontrinitarian theologies.

Stone-Campbell Restoration Movement

Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)

Churches of Christ

Churches of Christ (non-institutional)

Churches of Christ in Australia

Evangelical Christian Church in Canada (Christian Disciples)

Independent Christian Churches/Churches of Christ

International Christian Church

International Churches of Christ

Latter Day Saint Movement

Most Latter Day Saint denominations are derived from the Church of Christ established by Joseph Smith in 1830. The largest worldwide denomination of this movement, and the one publicly recognized as Mormonism, is The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Some sects, known as the "Prairie Saints", broke away because they did not recognize Brigham Young as the head of the church, and did not follow him West in the mid-1800s. Other sects broke away over the abandonment of practicing plural marriage after the 1890 Manifesto. Other denominations are defined by either a belief in Joseph Smith as a prophet or acceptance of the Book of Mormon as scripture. The Latter Day Saints comprise a little over 16 million members collectively.

Original denomination

Church of Christ (Latter Day Saints) - name changed in 1838 by Joseph Smith to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints



"Prairie Saint" denominations

Church of Christ (Temple Lot) (Hedrickites)

Church of Christ with the Elijah Message

Church of Jesus Christ (Bickertonite)

Church of Jesus Christ (Cutlerite)

Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Strangite)

Community of Christ - formerly called the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (RLDS)

Remnant Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints

Independent RLDS / Restoration Branches

Restoration Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints

Restored Church of Jesus Christ (Eugene O. Walton)

"Rocky Mountain" denominations

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church)

Fundamentalist Rocky Mountain

Apostolic United Brethren

Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (FLDS)

Latter Day Church of Christ (Kingston Clan)

The True and Living Church of Jesus Christ of Saints of the Last Days

Other denominations

Fellowships of the Remnant

Restoration Church of Jesus Christ (extinct)

Early Sabbath-Keeping Movements, predating Millerism

Seventh Day Baptists

Millerism and comparable groups


Adventist Movement (Sunday observing)

Advent Christian Church

Adventist Movement (Seventh Day Sabbath/Saturday observing)

Original denomination

Seventh-day Adventist Church

Splinter denominations

Adventist Church of Promise

Creation Seventh Day Adventist Church

Davidian Seventh-day Adventists

Branch Davidians

Sabbath Rest Advent Church

Seventh Day Adventist Reform Movement

Church of God Movements (Sunday observing)

Church of the Blessed Hope (aka Church of God of the Abrahamic Faith)

Church of God General Conference (Abrahamic Faith)

Church of God Movements (Seventh Day Sabbath/Saturday observing)

Church of God International (USA)

Church of God (Seventh-Day) (or Church of God 7th day)

The Intercontinental Church of God

Seventh Day Christians - Norway (Syvende dags Kristne)

Living Church of God

Philadelphia Church of God

Restored Church of God

United Church of God

United Seventh-Day Brethren

World Mission Society Church of God

Sacred Name Groups

Assemblies of Yahweh

Assembly of Yahweh

House of Yahweh

Spanish-speaking Restorationism

These are Restoration denominations that have originated from Spanish-speaking countries like Mexico or Philippines.

La Luz Del Mundo

Members Church of God International

Kingdom of Jesus Christ

Nondenominational Christians

Many churches are non-denominational. These churches have emerged into their own pseudo-denomination, with many similarities. Most of these churches have origins in a historic mainline Protestant denomination.

Evangelicalism is a transdenominational Protestant movement which maintains the belief that the essence of the Gospel consists of the doctrine of salvation by grace through faith in Jesus Christ's atonement.

Ecumenical churches and denominations

Uniting and United churches movement

These churches are the result of a merger between distinct denominational churches. Churches are listed here when their disparate heritage marks them as inappropriately listed in the particular categories above.

China Christian Council

Christian and Missionary Alliance

Evangelical Association of Reformed and Congregational Christian Churches

Church of Bangladesh (Anglican)

Church of North India (Anglican)

Church of Pakistan (Anglican)

Church of South India (Anglican)

Evangelical Church in Germany

Evangelical Church of Czech Brethren

Protestant Church in the Netherlands

St. Thomas Evangelical Church

United Church in Jamaica and the Cayman Islands

United Church in Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands

United Church of Canada

United Church of Christ

United Church of Christ in the Philippines

Uniting Church in Australia

Free Evangelical Churches

Free Evangelical Churches

Nondenominational Evangelical multisite churches

These nondenominational Evangelical churches (due to the emergence of video streaming technologies) are multi-site churches, sharing a broadcast some Sundays or all Sundays with multiple church buildings and locations.

Life.Church (formerly, Edmond, Oklahoma)

Internet churches

Nontrinitarian Protestantism

These groups of Protestant churches and organizations follow nontrinitarian theology with different interpretations of it.

Unitarian and Universalist

American Unitarian Association (consolidated with the Universalist Church of America to form the Unitarian Universalist Association and Unitarian Universalism)

Unitarian Universalist Christian Fellowship

American Unitarian Conference

Christian Universalist Association

International Council of Unitarians and Universalists

General Assembly of Unitarian and Free Christian Churches

Unitarian Christian Association

Unitarian Church of Transylvania

Unitarisk Kirkesamfund

Iglesia Ni Cristo (Church of Christ)

Polish Brethren (extinct as a modern and distinct group)

Socinianism (extinct as a modern and distinct group)

Unitarian Christian Conference USA

Unitarian Christian Emerging Church

Universalist Church of America (consolidated with the American Unitarian Association to form the Unitarian Universalist Association and Unitarian Universalism)

Bible Students

Christian Millennial Fellowship

Dawn Bible Students Association

Friends of Man

Jehovah's Witnesses

Laymen's Home Missionary Movement

Pastoral Bible Institute


General Church of the New Jerusalem

Lord's New Church Which Is Nova Hierosolyma

Swedenborgian Church of North America

Christian Science

Church of Christ, Scientist

Eschatology (religious movement)

Other Nontrinitarians


Church of the Blessed Hope

Church of God (Seventh-Day)

Church of Almighty God

Family Federation for World Peace and Unification

World Peace and Unification Sanctuary Church



Oneness Pentecostalism

Some Quakers

Spiritual Christians from Russia


Tolstoyan movement

Two by Twos ("Christian Conventions")

United Church of God

Universal Alliance

World Mission Society Church of God


Other Protestant churches and movements

These are denominations, movements, and organizations deriving from mainline Protestantism.

Associated Gospel Churches of Canada (AGC)

Believers' Church in India

Brunstad Christian Church

The Christian Community

Church of Christ, Instrumental (Kelleyites)

Cooneyites (not to be confused with Christian Conventions, above)

Evangelical Church of West Africa

Evangelical Covenant Church of America (Swedish Evangelical Mission Covenant)

Evangelical Free Church of America

Evangelical Free Church of Canada

Evangelical Orthodox Church

Family International

Fellowship of Fundamental Bible Churches

Fellowship of Independent Evangelical Churches

Gloriavale Christian Community

Grace Movement Churches

Great Commission Association

Indian Shakers

Inspirationalists (Amana Church Society)

Jesus Movement (extinct)

Local Churches


Metropolitan Community Churches

Shiloh Youth Revival Centers

Universal Life

Universal Alliance

The Way International

The African Church

Apostles of Johane Maranke

Celestial Church of Christ

Christ Apostolic Church

Church of the Lord (Aladura)

Eternal Sacred Order of Cherubim and Seraphim

Kimbanguist Church

Zion Christian Church

Other Christian groups

The following are independent and non-mainstream movements, denominations and organizations formed during various times in the history of Christianity by splitting from mainline Catholicism, Eastern or Oriental Orthodoxy, or Protestantism.


Independent Catholicism

The Independent Catholic churches self-identify as either Western or Eastern Catholic although they are not affiliated with or recognized by the Catholic Church. Independent Catholic and Independent Orthodox churches among others are recognized as part of the Independent Sacramental Movement.

American Catholic Church in the United States

American National Catholic Church

Antiochian Catholic Church in America

Augustana Catholic Church

Archdiocese of the Old Catholic Church of America

Argentine Catholic Apostolic Church

Apostolic Catholic Church (Philippines)

Brazilian Catholic Apostolic Church

Catholic Charismatic Church of Canada

Catholic Christian Church

Catholic Life Church

Catholic Mariavite Church

Celtic Catholic Church

Chinese Patriotic Catholic Association

Christ Catholic Church

Communion of Christ the Redeemer

Community of the Lady of All Nations

Congregation of Mary Immaculate Queen

Ecumenical Catholic Church

Ecumenical Catholic Communion

Evangelical Catholic Church (Independent Catholic)

Fraternité Notre-Dame

Free Catholic Church, in Germany

Imani Temple African-American Catholic Congregation

Istituto Mater Boni Consilii

Liberal Catholic Church

National Catholic Church of America

Mariavite Church (not to be confused with the Catholic Mariavite Church)

Most Holy Family Monastery

Old Catholic Church

Old Catholic Church in Europe

Old Catholic Church of America

Old Catholic Mariavite Church

Old Roman Catholic Church in North America

Old Roman Catholic Church in America

Palmarian Catholic Church

Philippine Independent Church (Aglipayan Church)

Polish National Catholic Church


Reformed Catholic Church, in Venezuela

Reformed Old Catholic Church

St. Stanislaus Kostka Church (St. Louis, Missouri)

Society of St. Pius V

Traditionalist Mexican-American Catholic Church

True Catholic Church

Ukrainian Orthodox Greek Catholic Church

Venezuelan Catholic Apostolic Church

Independent Eastern Orthodoxy

These churches consider themselves Eastern Orthodox but are not in communion with the main body of Eastern Orthodoxy. Some of these denominations consider themselves as part of True Orthodoxy or the Old Believers as examples.

Abkhazian Orthodox Church

Autocephalous Turkish Orthodox Patriarchate

Belarusian Autocephalous Orthodox Church

Indonesia Orthodox Church

Lusitanian Orthodox Church

Macedonian Orthodox Church

Montenegrin Orthodox Church (1993)

Montenegrin Orthodox Church (2018)

Orthodox Church in Italy

Russian Orthodox Church in America

Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church Canonical

True Orthodoxy

True Orthodoxy, or Genuine Orthodoxy, is a movement of Eastern Orthodox churches that separated from the mainstream Eastern Orthodox Church over issues of ecumenism and Calendar reform since the 1920s.

Bulgarian Alternative Synod

Greek Old Calendarists

Old Calendar Bulgarian Orthodox Church

Old Calendar Romanian Orthodox Church

Orthodox Church of Greece (Holy Synod in Resistance)

Russian Orthodox Autonomous Church

Russian True Orthodox Church (also called as Catacomb Church)

Serbian True Orthodox Church

True Russian Orthodox Church

Old Believers

Russian Old Believers form a sub-type of [Proto-] True Orthodoxy that refused to accept the liturgical and ritual changes made by Patriarch Nikon of Moscow between 1652 and 1666.

Russian Orthodox Old-Rite Church (Belokrinitskaya Hierarchy)

Lipovan Orthodox Old-Rite Church (Belokrinitskaya Hierarchy)

Russian Old-Orthodox Church (Novozybkovskaya Hierarchy)

Pomorian Old-Orthodox Church (Pomortsy)

Old-Pomorian Old-Orthodox Church of Fedoseevtsy [ru] (Fedoseevtsy)

Syncretic Eastern Orthodoxy

Syncretic Eastern Orthodox churches blend with other denominations outside of Eastern Orthodoxy and are not in communion with the main body of Eastern Orthodoxy.

Church of God and Saints of Christ (Orthodox Christianity)

Evangelical Orthodox Church (blends with Evangelicalism and some other Protestant elements)

Communion of Western Orthodox Churches (it recognizes both Christian Orthodoxies as same, thus it may accept Miaphysite doctrine)

Celtic Orthodox Church

French Orthodox Church

Orthodox Church of the Gauls

Other Independent Eastern Orthodox movements

Imiaslavie (Onomatodoxy)


Independent Oriental Orthodoxy

The following churches affirm a Miaphysite Christological position but are not in communion with any of the ancient Oriental Orthodox churches for various reasons.

British Orthodox Church (founded in 1886 formerly as Catholic Apostolic Church of the West by Scottish-born British clergyman Jules Ferrette (1826-1904) to bring Oriental Orthodoxy into the British Isles without being Middle-eastern or Ethiopian and was Coptic Orthodox Church one of two Autonomous Churches before departure peacefully in 2015)

Ethiopian Orthodox Coptic Church of North and South America (considers itself autocephalous but considered schismatic by the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church)

Malabar Independent Syrian Church

Syncretic Oriental Orthodoxy

These are churches which blend with other denominations outside of Oriental Orthodoxy but retain a mostly Miaphysite Christological position, and are not in communion with the main body of the ancient Oriental Orthodox churches.

Antiochian Catholic Church in America

Orthodox-Catholic Church of America

Communion of Western Orthodox Churches (it recognized both Christian Orthodoxies as same, thus it may accept Miaphysite doctrine)

Celtic Orthodox Church

French Orthodox Church

Orthodox Church of the Gauls

Reformed Oriental Orthodoxy

These churches resulted from a reformation of Oriental Orthodoxy, in line with Protestant beliefs and practices.

Mar Thoma Syrian Church (Independent Reformed Oriental denomination based in Kerala, India, in full communion with the Anglican Communion)

St. Thomas Evangelical Church (Independent Eastern Church with Evangelical influences, based in Kerala, India)


Main article: Southcottism

Christian Israelite Church

House of David (commune)

Panacea Society

Racial Christianity


British Israelism


British-Israel-World Federation


Black Hebrew Israelites

Church of God and Saints of Christ

Church of God and Saints of Christ (Orthodox Christianity)

Israelite Church of God in Jesus Christ


Messianic Judaism

Chosen People Ministries

Hebrew Christian movement

International Messianic Jewish Alliance

Jews for Jesus

Messianic Israel Alliance

Messianic Jewish Alliance of America

Union of Messianic Jewish Congregations

Hebrew Roots

Hebrew Roots

Christian Identity

Christian Identity

Assembly of Christian Soldiers

The Christ's Assembly

Church of Israel, Schell City, Missouri

Church of Jesus Christ–Christian (Aryan Nations)

The Covenant, the Sword, and the Arm of the Lord

Kingdom Identity Ministries, Harrison, Arkansas

LaPorte Church of Christ, Fort Collins, Colorado

Positive Christianity

German Christians

Positive Christianity

Esoteric Christianity (Gnosticism)

Anthroposophical Society

Archeosophical Society


Ecclesia Gnostica

Lectorium Rosicrucianum


The Rosicrucian Fellowship

Societas Rosicruciana

Spiritualist Church


Universal White Brotherhood

Asian Independent Churches

These are Asian-initiated churches from Chinese and Japanese regions that were formed during or still under repression in authoritarian eras in their countries as responses from government crackdowns of their old Christian denominations which were deemed illegal or unrecognized in their countries states atheism or religion.

Chinese Independent Churches

Evangelical Free Church of China

Local Church movement

Lutheran Church of China

Japanese Independent Churches

Non-church movement

Zion Christian Church (Japan)

United Church of Christ in Japan


House of Aaron

The Process Church of the Final Judgment (The Process)

Trinitarian Universalism

United House of Prayer for All People

Lord’s Resistance Army

Taiping Heavenly Kingdom

Twelve Tribes communities


Denominationally unaffiliated parachurch organizations

Parachurch organizations are Christian faith-based organizations that work outside and across denominations to engage in social welfare and evangelism. These organizations are not churches but work with churches or represent a coalition of churches.

Action of Churches Together in Scotland

Bose Monastic Community

Byzantine Discalced Carmelites

Campus Crusade for Christ

Canadian Council of Churches

Christian Churches Together in the USA

Churches Together in Britain and Ireland

Churches Together in England

Churches Uniting in Christ

Conference of European Churches

Ecumenical Institute for Study and Dialogue

Edinburgh Churches Together

Fellowship of Saint Alban and Saint Sergius

Holy Spirit Association for the Unification of World Christianity (HSA-UWC/Unification Church/Unification Movement)

Intervarsity Christian Fellowship

Iona Community

National Council of the Churches of Christ in the U.S.A.

New Independent Fundamentalist Baptist

New Monasticism related Communities

Pentecostal Charismatic Peace Fellowship

Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity

Society of Ordained Scientists

Taizé Community

The Gospel Coalition

World Alliance of Reformed Churches

World Council of Churches

World Evangelical Alliance

World Student Christian Federation

Christian-related movements

A Christian movement is a theological, political, or philosophical interpretation of Christianity that is not generally represented by a specific church, sect, or denomination.

British New Church Movement

Christian atheism

Christian communism

Christian democracy

Christian existentialism

Christian Family Movement

Christian feminism

Christian left

Christian naturism

Christian pacifism

Christian right

Christian socialism

Christian Torah-submission

Christian vegetarianism

Christian Zionism

Confessing Movement

Continual prayer

Convergence Movement



Emerging church

Green Christianity

House church (or Simple church)

LGBT-affirming Christian denominations


Postmodern Christianity

Progressive Christianity



Shepherding Movement

New Thought

The relation of New Thought to Christianity is not defined as exclusive; some of its adherents see themselves as solely practising Christianity, while adherents of Religious Science say "yes and no" to the question of whether they consider themselves to be Christian in belief and practice, leaving it up to the individual to define oneself spiritually.

Church of Divine Science

Church of the Truth

Home of Truth

The Infinite Way


Religious Science


Unity Church

Universal Foundation for Better Living

Syncretistic religions incorporating elements of Christianity

The relation of these movements to other Christian ideas can be remote. They are listed here because they include some elements of Christian practice or beliefs, within religious contexts which may be only loosely characterized as Christian.


Cao Đài


Cult of Santa Muerte



Native American Church

Pilgrims of Arès

Rastafari movement


Santo Daime